Toy Safety Standards and Compliance in the U.S.

    Toy Safety | HYPER GOGO
    This article provides an in-depth look at U.S. toy safety standards, including ASTM F963-17 and UL 696, outlining mechanical, chemical, and electrical safety requirements. It discusses the rigorous testing and compliance processes mandated for manufacturers and importers to ensure toys are safe for children.

    In the United States, ensuring the safety of children's toys involves a comprehensive regulatory framework that addresses multiple hazards associated with toy products.

    The primary standards governing these regulations include ASTM F963-17 and UL 696, which are enforced to minimize risks from mechanical, chemical, and electrical hazards.

    This article delves into the details of these standards and the rigorous compliance processes that manufacturers and importers must adhere to.

    Detailed Overview of Toy Safety Standards

    Toy safety standards in the U.S. are specifically designed to protect children from potential injuries and exposure to harmful substances while playing with toys.

    These standards are multifaceted, covering everything from basic mechanical designs to sophisticated chemical and electrical specifications.

    Mechanical and Physical Safety

    The standards set specific criteria for the physical and mechanical properties of toys to prevent injuries during normal use:

    • Design and Construction: Toys must be designed to avoid dangerous sharp edges, points, or small parts that might detach during use. ASTM F963-17 specifically addresses these concerns by setting forth detailed guidelines on the dimensions and resilience of materials used in toys.

    • Mechanical Hazards: Regulations cover various mechanical aspects such as stability, durability of toys, and resistance to collapse or breaking under normal use. Toys with functional sharp points or edges are strictly regulated to prevent cuts or punctures.

    Chemical Safety

    Given the potential risks posed by chemicals in toys, stringent limits are set on hazardous substances:

    • Heavy Metals: There are explicit limits on metals like lead and cadmium, particularly in surface coatings and substrate materials. ASTM F963-17 outlines procedures for solubility tests to determine the bioavailability of these metals if ingested.

    • Phthalates and Other Chemicals: Restrictions on phthalates, formaldehyde, and other volatile organic compounds are rigorously enforced. Toys intended for use by children under 12 years must comply with federal safety standards that dictate the specific testing methods for chemical composition.

    Related Reading: Are Ul Certified Hoverboards Safe

    Electrical Safety

    Toys with electrical components are subject to specific safety standards to prevent electrical hazards:

    • Electrical Standards: UL 696 sets the requirements for all toys that include electrical systems, ensuring they are as safe as general consumer electronic products. This includes testing for electrical insulation, wiring, and battery integrity to prevent risks of shock or fire.

    • Energy and Battery Safety: ASTM F963-17 covers requirements related to electrical energy and thermal hazards from battery-operated toys. These include safeguards against overheating, leakage, and explosion.


    Flammability tests are mandatory for certain types of toys, particularly those made from textiles and other flammable materials:

    Fire Risk Assessment: Standards dictate that materials used in toys must not ignite easily and must extinguish quickly if ignited.

    ASTM F963-17 includes tests for flammability to assess the rate of flame spread and material combustion characteristics.

    Compliance and Regulatory Enforcement

    Certification and Testing

    • Mandatory Certification: Compliance with these safety standards is compulsory under the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA). Toys must be tested by accredited third-party laboratories to obtain a Children's Product Certificate (CPC) before they can be sold in the U.S.

    • Continuous Compliance: Manufacturers and importers are required to periodically retest their products and maintain detailed records of compliance to ensure ongoing adherence to safety standards.

    Regulatory Oversight

    Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC): The CPSC oversees the enforcement of toy safety standards. It conducts market surveillance, random product testing, and can impose penalties, initiate recalls, or ban non-compliant products.


    The comprehensive safety standards and strict compliance requirements underscore the U.S. commitment to protecting children from the potential dangers of toys.

    By adhering to these detailed regulations, ride on toys such as HYPER GOGO create a safer play environment and increase consumer confidence in the products they offer to young users.